Life of Shakespeare
William Shakespeare, one of the greatest dramatist of the world, was born on April 23, 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon in the country of Warwickshire. His father’s name was John Shakespeare who was a prosperous businessman of Stratford-on-Avon. He had two sister and three brothers. His mother belonged to the family of Arden who had been landowners in Warwickshire for many years.
We know little about Shakespeare’s childhood and education. He was deficient in formal education. He was sent to the Village Free Grammar School where he learnt ‘Little Latin and Less Greek’. He seems to have acquires some knowledge of French and Italian. His time at school was cut short by the misfortunes of his father. He was asked to help his father in his business but he did not like the job.
At the age of eighteen, he married Anne Hathaway who was eight year senior. He has three children. The first child Susanna was born shortly after the marriage. After two years, twins were born-a Sonmaned Hamnet and daughter named Judith. The son, however, died at the age of eleven. He left Stratford about 1885 and arrived in London the next year. He did there some small jobs and then started writing plays. He died in 1616 at the age of sixty two on the anniversary of his birth day. He was buried in Stratford Church in Avon.
Shakespeare is known more as dramatist than a poet. He lived for the major part of his literacy career in London. He started his work as a minor actor in some little known playhouse. He is also known as a stable boy in-charge of horses outside the theater. He started his literary career by writing Comedies, Tragedies, Historical play and poetry. He wrote thirty-seven plays, one hundred and fifty four sonnets and two longer poems. The name of are the Merchant of Venice, Twelfth Night, A Mid-Summer Night’s Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, As You Like it etc. His popular Tragedies are Hamlet, King Lear, Macbeth and Othello. Among his historical plays, Richard 2nd, Richard 3rd, Henry 4th, Henry 5th, Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra are widely known. He thought of a drama as a from of poetry.
Thought his style was decorative, yet it was also forceful and vigorous. Hi is the most quoted and the most quotable of all English poets. His Sonnets are known as Shakespearean sonnets. Some of them are very artificial. The finest and the most passionate sonnets are those in which he expresses his love for his patrons and friends. Indeed, the sonnets are incomparable for the beauty of their imagination and perfection of versification. They possess a very delicate music has seldom been surpasses.
Shakespeare was one of the most successful English writers of his time. Earls of Essex, Southampton and Lord Pembroke were his close friends. He was also greatly admired by Queen Elizabeth. He was endowed with an evergreen imagination. He had also deep insight into human character. Indeed, he was one of the greatest dramatist of the word.